This pilot study was conducted to explore the associations between stressors related to homelessness and modifiable health risk factors (poor diet, insufficient physical activity, and overweight/obesity) and to provide direction for future research. Participants (N = 57) were homeless adults enrolled in a smoking cessation program. Analyses were conducted to characterize the sample as well as the relations between relevant stressors (discrimination, chronic stress, and fear and mistrust) and health risk factors. Inadequate daily consumption of fruits, vegetables, and fiber was common. High-fat diet and insufficient physical activity were also prevalent, and the majority of participants were overweight/obese. Participants commonly endorsed discrimination, fear of victimization, mistrust of others, and several other stressors. Greater endorsement of stressors was associated with a high-fat diet. Results suggest that lifestyle interventions and policy changes may be warranted in homeless shelters to attenuate the potential effects of stressors on high-fat dietary consumption among smokers.
This report, the third in a series, provides obesity rates for the nation, states and communities as measured by the Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index®. The Well-Being Index includes 2.2 million surveys, captures how people feel about and experience their daily lives, and measures well-being across five elements — purpose, social, financial, community and physical. Levels of well-being correlate with healthcare utilization and cost, and productivity measures such as absenteeism, presenteeism and job performance; all critical to organizational and economic competitiveness.
The CDC Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity has released its 2014 state- and territory-specific data on the percentage of adults with obesity using self-reported information from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). New adult obesity prevalence maps are available online at www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/adult.html. This new data shows that the proportion of adults in the United States with obesity remained high in 2014, with estimates across states/territories ranging from 21.3% in Colorado to 35.9% in Arkansas.
There is no single or simple solution to the obesity epidemic. It’s a complex problem and there has to be a multifaceted approach. Policy makers, state and local organizations, business and community leaders, school, childcare and healthcare professionals, and individuals must work together to create an environment that supports a healthy lifestyle. There are several ways state and local organizations can create a supportive environment to promote healthy living behaviors that prevent obesity.
The Community Preventive Services Task Force finds insufficient evidence to determine the effectiveness of interventions supporting healthier snack foods and beverages sold or rewarded in schools. Evidence is considered insufficient because too few studies that evaluated comparable dietary and weight outcomes.
The Community Preventive Services Task Force recommends multicomponent interventions to increase availability of healthier foods and beverages in schools. This finding is based on evidence that they reduce or maintain the rate of obesity or overweight.
The Community Preventive Services Task Force (Task Force) issued separate findings for four types of interventions to increase the availability of healthier meals, snacks, and beverages in schools.
The Community Preventive Services Task Force finds insufficient evidence to determine the effectiveness of interventions to increase water access in schools. Evidence is considered insufficient because there were too few studies.
Worksite nutrition and physical activity programs are designed to improve health-related behaviors and health outcomes. These programs can include one or more approaches to support behavioral change including informational and educational, behavioral and social, and policy and environmental strategies.
Online repository of audience-tested advertising and support materials produced to create awareness about obesity and other chronic conditions and to promote health living.
GoalImprove cardiovascular health and quality of life through prevention, detection, and treatment of risk factors for heart attack and stroke; early identification and treatment of heart attacks and strokes; and prevention of repeat cardiovascular events.*OverviewHeart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States.1 Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the United States. Together, heart disease and stroke are among the most widespread and costly health problems facing the Nation today, accounting for more than $500 billion in health care expenditures and related expenses in 2010 alone.2 Fortunately, they are also among the most preventable.
“Step into Nature” is more than a summary of best practices and implementation recommendations; the guide is a call to action for public health professionals, urban planners, architects, developers, and residents to design healthier cities.
The Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index is a barometerof Americans’ perceptions of their well-being. Thenational, annual well-being score is unique because whileit is affected to some extent by national events, suchas economic fluctuations or natural occurrences, it alsoaccurately captures a more nuanced picture of the stateof our nation across the factors impacting our daily lives. Six domains of well-being comprise the national Well-Being Index, including life evaluation, emotional health, work environment, physical health, healthy behaviors, and basic access. Over the six years of our well-being measurement, Americans’ life evaluations have improved, emotional health and healthy behaviors have remained stable, and basic access, physical health, and work environment have declined.