In this paper, the researchers conduct a policy review of current clean indoor air act (CIAA) legislation at the state level, as well as identify legislation pertaining specifically to waterpipe tobacco smoking. To complete this review, they examine state-by-state policy with waterpipe use and allowable exposure. This review provides valuable information for current legislative initiatives and has implications for needed future waterpipe tobacco smoking policy.
Health Education Behavior, August 2015. Objectives. Tobacco product risk perceptions may influence whether individuals use those products instead of or in addition to regular cigarettes. This study aimed to explore risk perceptions of various tobacco products relative to traditional cigarettes with young adults, a group with higher rates of tobacco use. Method. We examined risk perception responses among a nationally representative sample of young adults (age 18-34 years; n = 2,871, including tobacco and non–tobacco users) from the 2011 National Young Adult Health Survey. Results. Most (57.8%) respondents believed that e-cigarettes were less risky than cigarettes. Respondents were more likely to rate combustible products hookah (24.5%) and cigars (13.9%) as being less risky compared to noncombustible snus (10%) and other smokeless tobacco (SLT) products (7.1%) relative to cigarettes. Few (2.5%) rated menthol cigarettes as less risky. For e-cigarettes, hookah, and SLT, less risky beliefs were significantly higher among ever or current versus never product users. Between 22% and 33% of all respondents believed that SLT, snus, menthol cigarettes, and cigars were more risky than cigarettes, but differences in this belief between current and nonusers of these products were small and insignificant. Younger young adults were more likely to rate e-cigarettes and hookah as being “less risky” and rate cigars and SLT as being “more risky” than older young adults. Conclusion. The public’s views of comparative tobacco risk perceptions vary widely by tobacco product type and age-group. While “less risky” perceptions may be associated with product use, perceptions that products are “more risky” than cigarettes may not necessarily dissuade people from their use.
Substance Use & Misuse (August 5, 2016, Epub ahead of print). Overt and frequent discouragement seems to be less effective in stimulating young people to take an active role in the dialogue with their peers about smoking.
The National Youth Tobacco Survey (NYTS) datasets are available for public use, so that researchers and public health managers can explore the data in detail. In addition, states can compare their estimates of prevalence of youth tobacco use with national data.
This toolkit was developed for a broad continuum of public health care organizations and treatment facilities, particularly those organizations serving persons with mental illnesses and addictions. The materials are intended for administrators, direct providers, and support staff of organizations considering or implementing tobacco-free policies.
ChangeLab Solutions developed the easy-to-use Tobacco Retailer Licensing Playbook to outline the ten strategies necessary for developing, implementing, and enforcing a comprehensive TRL policy. It provides all the steps and considerations involved in building support for TRL, and includes examples and key resources to help communities create a strong local policy that improves public health.
The following is a snapshot of the U.S. landscape of e-cigarette regulation as of May 22, 2015. The information below was based on a 50-state (plus Washington, D.C.) survey of current state statutes pertaining to e-cigarette regulations in the following areas definition of “tobacco product,” taxation, product packaging, youth access/other retail restrictions, and smoke-free air legislation.
GoalReduce illness, disability, and death related to tobacco use and secondhand smoke exposure.OverviewScientific knowledge about the health effects of tobacco use has increased greatly since the first Surgeon General’s report on tobacco was released in 1964
From the Ballot Box to the Grocery Store, Nielsen’s fifth report on the Latino consumer in the annual Diverse Intelligence Series, shows that Hispanic power and influence is surging.
Best practices in capacity-building for enhanced tobacco cessation services. Case studies from Colorado, Florida, Nevada, New England, New York and Virginia
Explore strategies for community health organizations to create smoke-free worksites and other venues. A subject-matter expert will provide an overview of the gaps that still exist in smoke-free protections, including which populations are still exposed to secondhand smoke. Awardee presenters will share their successes and challenges in implementing smoke-free protections, including gaining buy-in from community leaders, addressing loopholes in protections, increasing adherence to worksite protections, working with youth, and developing a comprehensive approach to healthy worksites.
This webinar will explore strategies for community health organizations to create smoke-free worksites and other venues. A subject-matter expert will provide an overview of the gaps that still exist in smoke-free protections, including which populations are still exposed to secondhand smoke. Awardee presenters will share their successes and challenges in implementing smoke-free protections, including gaining buy-in from community leaders, addressing loopholes in protections, increasing adherence to worksite protections, working with youth, and developing a comprehensive approach to healthy worksites.
The National Youth Tobacco Survey (NYTS) datasets are available for public use, so that researchers and public health managers can explore the data in detail. In addition, states can compare their estimates of prevalence of youth tobacco use with national data.
Resource to help business owners understand and implement the smoke-free ordinance in New Orleans
Free, online interactive presentation on electronic nicotine delivery systems and their potential health effects during and after pregnancy, and discusses effective tobacco cessation treatments. This presentation is a new module for Smoking Cessation for Pregnancy and Beyond A Virtual Clinic, an online training designed for health professionals to effectively assist women in quitting smoking. The training is eligible for free continuing education and Maintenance of Certification Part IV credit. Learn about Tobacco Use and Pregnancy from CDCs Division of Reproductive Health.
Exposure to secondhand smoke from burning tobacco products causes stroke, lung cancer, and coronary heart disease in adults. Children who are exposed to secondhand smoke are at increased risk for sudden infant death syndrome, acute respiratory infections, middle ear disease, more severe asthma, respiratory symptoms, and slowed lung growth. Secondhand smoke exposure contributes to approximately 41,000 deaths among nonsmoking adults and 400 deaths in infants each year. This report updates a previous CDC report that evaluated state smoke-free laws in effect from 2000–2010, and estimates the proportion of the population protected by comprehensive smoke-free laws.
Multiunit housing residents are at risk of secondhandsmoke exposure from adjoining units and commonareas. We developed this case study to documentstate-level strategies undertaken to address this risk.We explored program documents to identify facilitators,barriers, and outcomes. Three states (Montana,Michigan, and Nebraska) provided detailed informationon multiunit housing efforts in the study timeframe. We conducted a qualitative analysis usinginductive coding to develop themes. Several facilitatorsrelating to existing infrastructure included traditionaland nontraditional partnerships, leadershipand champions, collecting and using data, efficientuse of resources, and strategic plans. We also reportexternal catalysts, barriers, and outcomes. Significantstate leadership and effort were required to providelocal-level technical assistance to engage traditionaland nontraditional partners. Information needs wereidentified and varied by stakeholder type (i.e., healthvs. housing). States recommend starting with publichousing authorities, so they can become resources foraffordable and subsidized housing. These lessons andresources can be used to inform smoke-free multiunithousing initiatives in other states and localities.
The Master Settlement Agreement An Overview provides answers to several common questions about the largest civil litigation settlement in U.S. history, the tobacco Master Settlement Agreement (MSA).
Secondhand tobacco smoke is considered a developmental neurotoxicant especially given underdeveloped vital systems in young children. An ecological test of its negative influence on brain development can be made by examining the prospective association between early childhood household smoke exposure and later classroom behavior. Using a longitudinal birth cohort, we examined the unique contribution of household tobacco smoke exposure to children’s subsequent classroomengagement at age 10. From child ages 1.5 to 7 years, parents of 2,055 participants from the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development reported on household smoking by themselves and other home occupants. At age 10, fourth-grade teachers reported on the child’s classroom engagement. In terms of prevalence, 58% of parents reported that their children were never exposed to smoke in the home, while 34% and 8% of children were exposed to transient and continuous household smoke, respectively. Compared with never exposed children, those who were exposed to transient and continuous household smoke scored 13% and 9% of a standard deviation lower on classroom engagement in fourth grade, standardized B = -.128 (95% confidence interval = -.186, -.069) and standardized B = -.093 (95% confidence interval =-.144, -.043), respectively. Compared with their never exposed peers, children exposed to transient and continuous early childhood household smoke showed proportionately less classroom engagement, which reflects task-orientation, following directions, and working well autonomously and with others. This predisposition poses risks for high school dropout, which from a population health perspective is closely linked with at-risk lifestyle habits and unhealthy outcomes.
In collaboration with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Planning and Community Health Center is creating a set of guidelines to incorporate health into the Conceptual Review process for development projects.